EMCB - ENVIS   
 Pollution Due To Coal Mines Bibiliography
Coal Mines In Orissa
Sl No Name of the Mines Underground/ Opencast Area in hectare Working /Non working Exploitation during
2001-02     
( in’ 000 tones)
Angul District
1 Talcher Colliery  Underground  1140.000  Working  180
2 Deulbera Colliery  Underground  518 .981  Working  106
3 Handidhua Colliery  Underground  671.276  Working    
4 Nandira Colliery  Underground  1785.750  Working  235
5 Southbalanda Colliery  Underground  1045.330  Working  503
6 Jaganath Colliery  O.C.P  590.853  Working  5694
7 Bhartpur Colliery  O.C.P  1237.180  Working  6138
8 Kalinga Colliery  O.C.P  1117.350  Working  5276
9 Hingula Colliery  O.C.P  1063.560  Working  1643
10 Aanata Colliery  O.C.P  242.810  Working  7004
11 Lingaraj Colliery  O.C.P  1248.510
 10661.550
 Working  6324
12 Chhendipada Colliery    24.300  Working  33103
  Total    10685.850    
Jharsuguda District
13 Ib River  Colliery  Underground   82.273  Working  
14 Ib Property Colliery  Underground  270.409  Working  258
15 Orient Colliery  Underground  487.359  Working  202
16 Orient-III Colliery  Underground  601.522  Working   44
17 Ib Block 5th Colliery  Underground  254.550  Working   55
18 Gondghora Colliery  Underground  121.730  Working   62
19 New Gondghera  Underground  161.101  Working   40
20 N-W Block(Gondghora)  Underground  397.737  Working   41
21 Rampur Colliery  Underground 1095.687  Working 429
22 Belpahar O.C.M 2123.792  Working 2660
23 Lajkura  O.C.P   270.109  Working   951
24 Lilari  O.C.P   224.300  Working   566
25 Samaleswari  O.C.P 1095.598   4288 
26 Lakhanpur  O.C.P   470.000  Working 4708
  Total   7656.167   14099
           
  State Total   18482.857   47803
AMBIENT AIR QUALITY DATA, WATER QUALITY & POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES OF ALL COAL MINES OF ORISSA (2001-2002)
LINGARAJ OPEN CAST PROJECT (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max min max min max min max Min  
377 93 610 336 36.1 16.4 21.1 3.4  
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)

Work shop effluent treated in O & G trap cum sedimentation tank Mine drainage water & surface run off of OB dump treated in settling tank Domestic effluent treated in soak pit via septic tank Garland drain provided around OB dump and quarry to prevent surface runoff during rain .

WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
8.2 5.3 96 24 144 32 ND ND 4.6 2.3  
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  

Work shop effluent treated in O & G trap cum sedimentation tank .Mine drainage water & surface run off OB dump treated in settling tank .Domestic effluent treated in soak pit via septic tank. Garland drain provided around OB dump and quarry to prevent surface runoff during rain  

   
BHARATPUR OPEN CAST PROJECT (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max min max min max min max Min  
216 91.3 486 63.57 34.6 16.6 16.8 1.86  
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)
Mine water treated in earthen settling pond connected to main quarry and used for dust suppression and fire fighting. O&G trap cum sedimentation tank for workshop effluent. Domestic wastewater of colony is treated in Sewage treatment plant. Garland drain provided around OB dump to prevent surface run-off during rain.
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
7.6 6.8 48 24 128 48 28 25 1.2 1.0  
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Drilling machines are fitted with dust extracting system to suppress fugitive dust emission. Fixed type water sprinklers exist in the coal handling plant, on coal transportation road and Rapid loading system. Out of 17 km transportation, road 9 km is black topped and 4 nos. mobile water tankers provided for water sprinkling on haulage   Roads/transportationroads. 214613 nos. trees planted upto 2002.
 
                                                
ANANTA OPEN CAST PROJECT (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max min max min max min max Min  
262 57.2 487 180 40.2 12.8 38 3.4  
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)

Mine drainage water treated in an earthen settling pond and used for sprinkling purpose. Workshop effluent treated in O & G trap cum sedimentation tank. Domestic wastewater of colony treated in sewage treatment plant.Garland drain around OB dump provided to check surface run off during rain.

WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
8.25 6.4 73 14 192 64 45 12 38 24  
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Drilling machines are fitted with dust extractions. Water sprinkling through mobile water sprinklers to suppress fugitive dust on haulage roads and coal
transportation roads. Fixed high-pressure jet sprinklers have been provided
in the railway siding No.3 & No. 4. Water misters provided in the coal handling plant to subside fugitive dust generation. Truck & tippers carrying coals  are covered .Part of coal transportation road is black topped (3.5 km out of 25 km). Plantation upto 2002 - 26013  
   
BALANDA COLLIERY (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max min max min max min max Min  
246 101 851 295.7 30.4 14.2 19.2 3.2  
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)
Dust extraction system provided in drilling machine to control fugitive dust. Water sprinkling arrangement provided in CHP to subside fugitive dust emission. Water spraying arrangement with mobile water tankers carried out on haulage transportation road to suppress fugitive dust. Out of 10 km of haul road 3.5
km black topped. Plantation done on OB dump area and vacant space available - 5347 (upto 2002)
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
8.1 7.2 216 38 288 32 ND ND 14.0 3.8  
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Mine drainage water collected in abandoned quarry and used for fire fighting and dust suppression. Settling tank provided for treatment of MDW and runoffs during monsoon. Workshop effluent treated in O & G trap cum sedimentation tank. Domestic effluent of colony discharged to soak pit via septic tank  
   
KALINGA OPEN CAST PROJECT (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max min max min max min max Min  
104.6 - 379.7 80.9 19.2 14.6 16.2 3.6  
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)
Dust extractors provided in drilling machine to suppress fugitive dust. Water misters provided in CHP to suppress fugitive dust emission. Mobile water tankers provided
for dust suppression on haulage road/transportation roads. Out of 12.5, Km Coal
transportation road 10.5 Km is black topped. Plantation upto 2002-1,36,836
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) F(mg/l) Pb(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
8.2 7.2 181 12 64 - nil nil ND ND  
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Mine drainage water treated in a large earthen settling pond). Workshop effluent treated in O & G trap cum sedimentation. Domestic effluent of colony discharged to soak pit via septic tank. Garland drain and OB dump provided to check surface runoff during rain.
   
JAGANNATH COLLIERY (OPEN CAST) (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max min max min max min max Min  
210 81 600 225.6 38.1 10.2 42 3.1  
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)
Drilling machines are fitted with dust extractors. Water sprinkling through mobile water tankers on haulage roads. The fixed water sprinklers are existing in part of coal transportation road leading from CHP to railway siding No.l&No.2. Water sprinklers provided at all the dust generating parts of CHP. Out of 13.5 km coal transportation roads 5 km is black topped.. Green belt    developed comprising of 4,38,133 nos. tress in vacant land
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
7.6 7.25 92 14 432 32 24 10 4.6 -  
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Mine drainage water collected in abandoned quarry. In rainy season mine drainage along with surface run off treated in settling tank. O&G trap with sedimentation tank for workshop effluent . STP for domestic wastewater of colony
   
HINGULA OPEN CAST PROJECT (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max min max min max min max Min  
180.3 55.35 402 75.55 36 12.2 10.2 1.82  
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)

Drilling machines are fitted with dust extraction system to control fugitive dust emission During drilling. Water sprinkling arrangement by mobile water tanker done on haulage roads/coal, transportation roads. Fixed water sprinkling arrangement at CHP to subside. Fugitive dust emission. Part of coal transportation road is black topped (3.3 km out of 5.2km). Plantation upto 2002 - 15094

WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
7.9 7.3 21 16 - - 32 - ND ND  
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Mine drainage water stored inside the mine in earthen pit and periodically discharged to Lingra Jhor. Workshop effluent treated in O & G trap cum sedimentation tank. Domestic wastewater discharged to soak pit via septic tank.
   
NANDIRA COLLIERY MCL-U/G MINE (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max min max min max min max Min  
- - - - - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)
Water sprinkling measures provided on coal transportation roads. 4.37 km  haul road  black toped out of 5.41 km. Plantation - 15,000
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
8.2 6.7 93 04 120 15 ND ND ND ND  
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Under ground mines, analysis report of sample complies Boards standards.
   
TALCHER COLLIERY-U/G MINE (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max min max min max min max Min  
- - - - - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)

Water sprinkling arrangements provided on coal transportation roads. 0.90 km haul road black topped out of 9.30

WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
8.4 7.3 42 08 64 16 ND ND ND ND
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Under ground mines, analysis report of sample complies Boards standards
   
HANDIDHUA COLLIERY-U/G MINE (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max min max min max min max Min  
- - - - - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)
-
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
8.21 7.1 40 8 32 14 - - ND ND
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Only sand stowing is carried out
   
DEULABERA COLLIERY-U/G MINE (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max min max min max min max Min  
- - - - - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)
Water sprinkling arrangement provided on coal transportation roads
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
8.37 6.9 48 04 96 32 - - 02 -
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Under ground mine analysis report of some sample complies Boards standard.
   
BELPAHAR OCP (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max Min max min max min max Min  
146.64 52.32 461.12 151.08 - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)
Automatic water sprinkling system installed on either side of haul road. 4 Nos. of water tankers engaged for spraying water on coal transportation road for dust suppression. Wet drilling system installed with dust extractor in drilling machine to suppress fugitive dust during drilling. Automatic water sprinkler provided in coal handling plant Major part of haulage road black topped. Planted 26,500 no. of trees by 2000-01. The over burdens and filled in excavated area.
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
8.2 7.1 84 56 46.2 27.9 4.2 2 8 4
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Domestic wastewater of colony is treated in Sewage treatment plant. Mine drainage water treated in sedimentation tank with chemical dosing for coagulation. Garland drain provided around the OB dumps and quarries to prevent surface run off during
rainy season.
     
LAJKURA OCP (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max Min max min max min max Min  
198.22 65.77 611.54 122.96 - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)
Dust extractor in drilling machine to suppress fugitive dust during drilling. Mobile water tanker for spraying water on haulage road/ transportation roads to suppress
fugitive dust  .Water sprinklers at CHP to suppress fugitive dust emission .Excavated portion is filled with OB materials
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
8.1 6.2 92 51 251.2 28.1 14.0 6.0 8 6
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Domestic wastewater of colony discharged to soak pit via septic tank. Mine drainage water treated in sedimentation tank. Workshop effluent - treated in O&G trap. Garland drains provided around OB dumps and quarries to prevent surface run off of
materials during rainy season
     
LAKHANPUR  OCP (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max Min max min max min max Min  
284 63.70 695.51 173 - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)

Wet drilling with dust extractors in drilling machine to control fugitive dust:. Automatic water sprinklers for spraying water on either side of main haul road 3. Five no. of mobile tankers used for spraying water on coal transportation road 4.3.2 km of haul road black topped Out of total 3.5 km.Water sprinkling arrangement at CHP. Pre-wetting arrangement has been made for spraying water on coal tipper .Reclamation of OB dumps are carried on Plantation upto 2002-2.5 lakhs
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
7.8 6.4 92 54 218.3 34.2 8.0 3.0 8 6
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)
Domestic wastewater treated in sewage treatment plant. Mine drainage water treated through ETP comprising of O & G trap, sedimentation tank and chemical dosing.   Garland drain provided around OB dump and quarries to prevent surface off during rainy season
   
SAMALESWARI  OCP (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max Min max min max min max Min  
273.2 50.40 588.0 180.82 - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)

Dust extractor provided in drilling machine for fugitive dust control during drilling. Water spraying by mobilewater tanker on haul road and coal transportation road to suppress fugitive dust. Water sprinkling system in CHP to subside fugitive emission. Green belt has been developed around the mine (Aprox. 5.6 lakhs trees planted upto 2002)
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
8.8 7.32 94.0 30 212.2 10.1 14.0 1.8 8 4
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Domestic wastewater of colony treated in sewage treatment plant. Mine drainage water treated with sedimentation tank with chemical dosing for coagulation. Workshop effluent treated in O & G trap cum sedimentation tank. Garland drain & check dam provided around OB dump to prevent surface run off
   
LILARI  OCP (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max Min max min max min max Min  
170.80 70 695.60 142 - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)

Wet drilling with dust extractor in drilling machine .Mobile water tanker on haulage roads. Water sprinkling in CHP. Reclamation on OB dumps carried on. A green belt has been developed around the mine
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) OIL AND GREASE(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
7.91 7.4 84.0 46 120 28.4 6.0 - 4 3
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
. Domestic effluent   discharged to soak pit via septic tank. Mine drainage water treated in sedimentation tank .Work shop effluent treated in O & G trap. Garland drain around OB dump and quarries provided to prevent surface run off during rain .
   
ORIENT COLLIERY MINES NO. 3 (U/G) (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max Min max min max min max Min  
- - - - - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)
As it is an underground, mine air pollution potential is less. The mine has provided mobile tanker to suppress fugitive dust on coal transportation roads
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) TDS(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
8.4 7.2 91 22 52.3 1.0 6.0 0.6 241 46
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  

Domestic wastewater discharged to soak pit via septic tank. Mine drainage water treated by sedimentation tank with alum dosing


ORIENT COLLIERY I& II(U/G MINE) (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max Min max min max min max Min  
- - - - - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)

As it is an underground, mine air pollution potential is very less. The Mine has provided water sprinkling arrangement on coal transportation roads Haul road of 2 km black topped
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) TDS(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
8.1 6.4 86.0 16.0 102 9.1 8.2 1.0 330 44
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  

Domestic wastewater discharged to soak pit via septic tank. Mine water is treated in
sedimentation tank


ORIENT COLLIERY MINE NO.4(U/G) (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max Min max min max min max Min  
- - - - - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)
As it is an underground, mine air pollution potential is very less. However the mine has provided mobile water tanker for dust suppression at coal transportation roads
WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) TDS(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
7.6 7.1 51 21.0 72.6 10.2 4.0 1.0 232 77
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Domestic wastewater discharged to soak pit via septic tank. Mine water is treated in
sedimentation tank

HIRAKHAND-BUNDIA MINE(U/G) (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max Min max min max min max Min  
- - - - - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)

 As it is an underground, mine air pollution is very less. The mine has provided water sprinkling on coal transportation roads. The haul of 8 km has been black topped (out of 8 km)

WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) TDS(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
- - - - - - - -- - -
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Domestic wastewater discharged to soak pit via septic tank. Mine strata water is treated in a sedimentation tank.
   
HIMGIRI COLLIERY (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)  
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max Min max min max min max Min  
- - - - - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)

 As it is an underground, mine air pollution potential is very less. The mine has provided water sprinkling arrangement on coal transportation roads

WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) TDS(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
7.7 7.3 52.0 18 21.2 8.6 1.8 1.2 117 32
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
Domestic waste water discharged to soak pit via septic tank. Mine strata water is treated in sedimentation tank.
   
BASUNDHARA OCP (AMBIENT AIR QUALITY)
RPM SPM SO2 NOX  
max Min max min max min max Min  
- - 552 194 - - - -
  APCM ( AIR POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)

 Drilling machines are fitted with dust extraction system to control fugitive dust emission. Automatic sprinkler at haulage road and around CHP. Mobile water tanker to suppress fugitive dust on haulage roads Mined out area back filled by OB material and reclaimed partly. 1 km road is black topped

WATER QUALITY DATA  
PH SS(mg/l) COD(mg/l) BOD(mg/l) TDS(mg/l)
max min max min max min max min max Min  
7.4 - - - - - - - - -
WPCM(WATER POLLUTION CONTROL MEASURES)  
The mine constructed 4 nos. of settling ponds of size 34X30X4mt each for treatment of mine drainage water. 0& G trap for workshop effluent. Boulder wall with garland drain at the toe of stable OB dump