Dont Miss

Van Mahotsav 2017 - A brief report – Posted 3 Month ago     Swacchta Pakhwara 2017 – Posted 3 Month ago   

Updates from Focal Point

Profile of Hon'ble Minister

DR. HARSH VARDHAN

Hon'ble Minister for Environment, Forest & Climate Change


...

Read More..

Posted 1 Month ago

Profile of Hon'ble MoS

 

Dr. Mahesh Sharma

Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change

 

 

&n...

Read More..

Posted 1 Month ago

Updates from Focal Point Detail

Print

Green Planner Image

Cities and metropolis are densely populated. Besides, movement of vehicles (automobiles) is also high being the most popular mode of transport. The most common problem is air, dust and noise pollution. Plants with their canopy minimize these pollutions by filtering dust and absorption of gaseous pollutants. Once the plants are established, they need little care and attention. The “GREEN PLANNER” is to provide information to Town Planners, Policy makers and other stakeholders regarding the plants suitable for landscaping. In first instance, the “Green Planner” introduces the plants suitable for roadside, divider and in the greenbelts.

 

 

Roadside PlantationProper planning, right selection of tree species and their placement are the factors for successful avenue plantation. Planting Design keeping in mind colour scheme, height, foliage, flowering season helps to create strong effects. Planting in single rows, double rows and multiple rows is recommended depending upon the availability of space. Proper avenue plantation helps in minimizing dust load, gaseous pollutants besides reducing sound pollution of urban area.

Greenbelt PlantationGreenbelt is the mass plantation of pollution tolerant trees (evergreen & deciduous) in an area for the purpose (industries) for minimizing air pollution by filtering, intercepting and absorbing pollutants in an effective manner for the improvement of environment.

Divider Plantation: As the dividers of the roads are subjected to automobile exhaust of high intensity, plant species selected for planting must be tolerant to dust and automobile fumes.

 

Climatic conditions have also to be taken into account while selecting plant. State wise data on Roadside, Green belt, and Divider plantation is as follows...

 

 

 

Andaman & Nicobar

Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 2,967 mm

 Roadside

Albizia lebbeckPterocarpus                    indicusElaeocarpus                                reticulatus,Oroxylum indicum

 

 Humidity:

 79%

 Dividers

 

 

Actephila excelsa, Fagraea racemosa,     Clerodendrum inerme, Rhododendron    cinnabarinum

Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 23°C/30°C

 Greenbelt

Terminalia bialata,Pterocymbium            tinctorium,Tetrameles nudiflora,             Gyrocarpus americanus,Terminalia        catappa

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arunachal Pradesh


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

  Rain:

2,782 mm

Roadside

Castanopsis indica, Lepisanthes tetraphylla, Magnolia hodsonii, Prunus cerasoides

 Humidity:

 83%

 Dividers

 

Vitex negundo, Mussanda roxburgnii, Melastonia malabathricum

 

 

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 15°C/36°C

 Greenbelt

Terminalia bialata, Pterocymbium         tinctorium, Tetrameles nudiflora,           Gyrocarpus americanus,Terminalia catappa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Assam


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 2,818 mm

 Roadside

 

 

 

 

Lagerstroemia speciosa, Magnolia        hodgsonii, Oroxylum indicum, Salix tetrasperma 

 

 Humidity:

 89%

 Dividers

Hussaenda frondosa, Bougainvillea, Crataeva magna

 

 

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 6°C/38°C

 Greenbelt

Horsfieldia kingii, Drimycarpus             racemosus, Anthocephalus chinensis, Mesua ferrea

 

 

 

 


Bihar


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,186 mm

 Roadside

 

Dalbergia Latifolia, Dalbergia sissoo, 

 

Moringa oleifera,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Humidity:

 63%

 Dividers

Wrightia antidysenterica, Bahunia        acuminata, Rhododendron ponticum

 

 

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 6°C/45°C

 Greenbelt

Shorea robusta, Diospyros                     melanoxylon  Terminalia elliptica

 

 

 

 

Chandigarh


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 617 mm

 Roadside

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aesculus indica, Alstonia scholoris,      Elaeocarpus gonitrus, Lagerstromia     speciosa

 

 

 

 Humidity:

 78%

 Dividers

Plumeria alba, Vitex negundo,               Murraya koenigii

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 7°C/46°C

 Greenbelt

 

 

Adina cordifolia, Kigelia pinnata,          Terminalia bellerica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Delhi


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 617 mm

 Roadside

Anogeissus pendula, Diospyros             cordifolia, Flacourtia indica,                 Salvadora persica, Anogeissus latifolia

 Humidity:

 72%

 Dividers

Callistemon viminalis, Bauhinia           variegata

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 11°C/46°C

 Greenbelt

 Neolamarckia cadamba, Mimusops     elengi, Ficus virens, Ficus                     benghalensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gujarat


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,107 mm

 Roadside

Acacia auriculiformis, Acacia               ferrginea, Borassus flabellifer 

 

 

 

 

 Humidity:

 67%

 Dividers

Biota orientalis, Bixa orellana, Cycas circinalis

 

 

 

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 10°C/42°C

 Greenbelt

Bridelia retusa, Bahinia purpurea,       Cassia siamea, Couroupita guianensis

 

 

 

 

Goa


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 3,005 mm

 Roadside

 

 

 

Sterculia foetida, Tectona grandis,       Thespesia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Humidity:

 71%

 Dividers

Vitex negundo

 

 

 

 

 

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 19°C/34°C

 Greenbelt

Dalbergia latifolia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Meghalaya


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 2,818 mm

 Roadside

 

 

 

 

Taxus baccata, Elaeaeocarpus                floribundus, Camellia sinensis

 Humidity:

 63%

 Dividers

Rhododendron arboreum, Eurya            japonica, Hanonia

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 4°C/28°C

 Greenbelt

Pinus kesiya, Podocrapus neriifolius,     Cyathea gigantea

 

Manipur


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,881 mm

 Roadside 

 

Trachycarpus ukhrulensis, Prunsus      cerasoides, Engelhardtia spicata,          Caryota obtusa, 

 Humidity:

 75%

 Dividers

Brassaiopsis hainla, Luculia                  gratissima

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 2°C/33°C

 Greenbelt

Lithocarpus pachyphyllus, Magnolia    campbellii, Cornus species

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mizoram


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,881 mm

 Roadside

 

Lagerstroemia speciosa,                         Elaeis guineensis, Podocarpus               nerifolius, Schima wallichii chois,         Quercus acutissima

 

 

 

 

 Humidity:

 76%

 Dividers

Strobilanthus maculata, Ceropegia       lauwii

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 10°C/35°C

 Greenbelt

Fiscus elastica, Melia azaderach,          Albizia procera, Tectona grandis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maharastra


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,456 mm

 Roadside

 

 

 

 

Pterocarpus marsupium, Emblica         offinalis, Haldina cordifolia, Borassus flabellifer, Peltophorum pterocarpum 

 Humidity:

 75%

 Dividers

Annona muricata, Santalum album,     Brassia actinophylla, Tecoma stans

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 22°C/33°C

 Greenbelt

Tremorientalis, Lannea coromandelia, Ficus racemosa, Pterospermum             acerifolium

 

Madhya Pradesh


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,456 mm

 Roadside

 

 

 

 

Gmelina arborea, Prosopis eineraria,   Spondias mangifera

 Humidity:

 75%

 Dividers

Gmelina arborea, Phanera purpurea,   Senna auriculata, Stropilanthes             callosus

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 22°C/33°C

 Greenbelt

Diospyros melanoxylon, Terminalia     belerica, Terminalia chebula,                 Terminalia elliptica

 

Nagaland


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,456 mm

 Roadside

 

 

 

 

Melia azedarach, Stereospermum          chelonoides, Mangolia champaca

 Humidity:

 75%

 Dividers

Schima wallichii, Callistemon                viminalis, Melia azedarach, Bergera     koenigii

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 22°C/33°C

 Greenbelt

Artocarpus chaplasha, Terminalia dulcis, Acroearpus flascinifolius

 

Orissa


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,456 mm

 Roadside

 

 

 

 

Eugenia jambolana, Shorea                  robusat,     Pterocar marsupium,           Bauhinia vahlii

 Humidity:

 75%

 Dividers

Lagerstroemia, Aeacia pennata            

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 22°C/33°C

 Greenbelt

Terminalia tomentosa, Buchanania      lanzan, Bombax ceiba

 

Punjab


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,456 mm

 Roadside

 

 

 

 

Eugenia jambolana, Mangifera             indica, Albizzia lebbek, Acacia              farnesiana, Prosopis spicigera, Butea   frondosa

 Humidity:

 75%

 Dividers

Datura fastuosa, Ricinus communis,    Calatropis procera

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 22°C/33°C

 Greenbelt

Dalbergia sissoo, Acacia arabica,          Fiscus bengalensis

 

Pondicherry


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 998 mm

 Roadside

 

Borassus flabellifer, Phoenix                 sylvestris, Millingtonia hortensis,          Albizzia lebbeck, Polyalthia longifolia  

 Humidity:

 69%

 Dividers

Bouganvillea, Lpomea carnea, Cassia  fistula, Hibiscus rosa

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 20°C/35°C

 Greenbelt

Berrya cordifolia, Ceiba pentandra       

 

Rajasthan


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 494 mm

 Roadside

 

Phoenix sylvestris, Tecomella                 undulata, Acacia nilotica

 Humidity:

 60%

 Dividers

Crotolaria burhia, Prospis cineraria,    Leptadenia pyrotechnica

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 18°C/48°C

 Greenbelt

Zizypus nummularia, Dendrocalamus  strictus, Balanites aegyptiaca

 

Sikkim


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 2,739 mm

 Roadside

 

Abies webbiana, Acer laevigatum,         Acer oblongum, Acrocarpus                   flaxinifolius

 

 Humidity:

 63%

 Dividers

 Rhododendron tsutsuji, Camellia          japonica, Spathodea campanulata,        Hibiscusrosa sinensis

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 15°C/30°C

 Greenbelt

Alnus nepalensis, Alostonia scholaris,   Artocarpus lakooeha, Betula alnoidesi     

 

Tripura


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,881 mm

 Roadside

 

 

 

Mesuaferrea, Perea villosa, Schima      wallichii

 Humidity:

 68%

 Dividers

Lagerstroemia indica, Bauhinia            variegata, Caesalpinia pulcherrima

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 10°C/35°C

 Greenbelt

Meliosma simplicifolia, Syzygium         cumini, Artocarpus altilis

 

Tamil Nadu


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 998 mm

 Roadside

Phyllanthus embalica, Casuarina         equisetifolia, Millingtonia hortensis     

 

 Humidity:

 65%

 Dividers

 Carissa spinarum, Canthium                dicoccum, Cassia siamea

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 18°C/40°C

 Greenbelt

Manilkara hexandra, Mimusops           elengi, Diospyros ebenum                       

 

 

 

Uttarakhand


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,553 mm

 Roadside

 

Mallotus philippensis, Phanera              variegata, Dalbergia sissoo                     

 Humidity:

 64%

 Dividers

Callicarpa arborea, Trachycarpus          takil, Pinus wallichiana, woodfordia      fructicosa

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 1°C/40°C

 Greenbelt

Mitragyna parvifolia, Myrica                 esculenta, Lyonia ovalifolia                    

 

Uttar Pradesh


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 1,025 mm

 Roadside

 

Delbergia sisso, Butea               monosperma, Tectona grandis,              Saraca asoca

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Humidity:

 67%

 Dividers

Nyctanthes arbortristis, Bougainvillea species, Magnolia champaca,                 Hibiscus rosasinensis

 

 

 

 

 

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 23°C/48°C

 Greenbelt

Eucalyptus, Quercus species, Shorea    robusta, Haldina cordifolia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West Bengal


Climatic Conditions

Types & Name of Plants

 Rain:

 2,089 mm

 Roadside

 

Lagerstroemia speciosa,                       Bombax ceiba, Senegalia                      catechu

 

 

 Humidity:

 65%

 Dividers

 Bougainvillea, Mussaenda, Hibiscus   rosa sinensis, Inula

 Temp.(Min)/(Max)

 7°C/40°C

 Greenbelt

Dalbergia sisoo, Shorea robusta,           Terminalia arjuna 

 

 

 

 

 

References

 

Roy R.K. and Singh, S. Urban landscapeand amelioration of environment by trees: Method and Approaches. Int. J. Of Latest Research in Science and Technology. 3:98-104.

CPWD 2013. A Handbook of Landscape – A guide. Falcon Graphics, Delhi.

Singh V. 2013. Road development and management with reference to pollution Int J. Of Geology, Earth and Env. Sci. 3:23-28.

Jasrai YT and Sisodia PS (2005). Role of vegetation in making cities better liven up. Urban Pollution Issues and Solutions 167.

Kulshrestha K, Rai A, Mohanty CS, Roy RK and Sharma SC (2009). Particulate Pollution Mitigating Ability of Some Plant Species. International Journal of Environmental Research 3 137-142.

Varshnay CK and Mitra I (1993). Importance of hedges in improving urban air quality. Landscape and Urban Planning 25 75-83.

Ahmad, K.J., Yunus, Mohd., Singh, S.N., Srivastave, Kanti, Singh, N., Pandey, V. and Mishra, J. 1991. Air Pollution and plants. CSIR News (8): 170-174.

Boralkar 1994. Suggested guidelines for greenbelts in industrial area. Encology 9(7): 21-22.

Haq, S.M.A. 2011. Urban green spaces and an integrative approach to sustainable environment. Journal of Environmental Protection, 2(5): 601-608.

Nayar, M.P. 1985. Tree Canopies. Air pollution and plants . A state of the art report. Ministry of Environment & Forests, New Delhi.

Pokhriyal, T.C. and Nautiyal, S. 1991. Greenbelts vis-a-vis environmental pollution. Indian Forester 117(6): 468-475.

Roy, R.K. and Sharma S.C. 1997. Greenbelt for minimizing industrial and urban pollution. Encology 11 (9): 8-12.

Sharma, S.C and Roy, R.K. 1997. Greenbelt - An effective means of mitigating industrial pollution. Ind. J. Environ. Prot. 17 (10): 724 -727.

 

Back to top of page


Date of News:  02-Feb-2016